This is what Kant called the "determined thought of the supersensible." Ultimately, Kant’s philosophy also resulted in his rejection of natural theology and traditional “proofs” for the existence of God because Kant’s epistemology does not allow for apprehension of viable knowledge in the realm of metaphysics. Since theoretical reason can neither prove nor disprove the existence of God (according to Kant), practical reason has the reigns, and practical reason will do whatever is necessary to prove morality. Belief in God, again, plays an unusual role in Immanuel Kant’s ethics. Kant does provide "proofs" purporting to defend theism--see above. As the Kant scholar Karl Ameriks has emphasized in Interpreting Kant's Critiques, in so doing Kant argued not only that we must believe in God and immortality, but that we can acquire knowledge of these things. Having absolutely nothing to do with providing morality with a divine source, God only comes to the fore in Kant’s discussion of the highest good, a concept whose problematic nature demands theism as a solution which allows for the tenability of its realization. Kant & Co. Hegel’s God Robert Wallace describes a little-known alternative divinity. he was very critical of the idea that anything about God could be proven or known, and also believed that a 'proof' of God would invalidate faith, it's faith that is the 'proper' faculty re: God, for Kant. Kant believed that “the moral law”—the categorical imperative and everything it implies—was something that could only be discovered through reason. This is a tricky question. Furthermore, we can believe that the highest good is possible only if we also believe in the immortality of the soul and the existence of God, according to Kant. Kant doesn’t even claim that the highest good is what determines moral action, let alone belief in God. This baffles many of Kant's readers. Thus, if I am to strive for it, I must believe in God and immortality. In his philosophical system he argues that faith in a personal, omnipotent, omniscient, and benevolent God is a necessary consequence of being moral. On this basis, he claims that it is morally necessary to believe in the immortality of the soul and the existence of God, which he calls postulates of pure practical reason. In fact, Kant did believe that the moral argument pointed towards God… For Kant, morality was not a matter of subjective whim set forth in the name of god or religion or law based on the principles ordained by the earthly spokespeople of those gods. In the debate about God that has been stirred up by Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens and Daniel Dennett, writers regularly refer to certain famous philosophers. We hear about St Thomas Aquinas’s ‘five ways’ of proving God’s existence. What matters for Kant is duty to the moral law. He also asserted that God exists in a realm of belief that one must somehow be inclined to justify in a way that proves they are correct in their belief. Those who don’t believe in God are still capable of following the moral law because, as you’ll recall, practical reason is what grounds morality. May 29, 2007 8:39 AM Kant did believe in God but acknowledged that there is no proof of God. Kant was not saying that God does not exist, but that no one can rationally or intellectually prove or disprove God’s existence.
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